The Nazi Society of Exclusion

Munich citizens in the Nazi state

The notion of a homogeneous German people (the “Volk”) was at the core of Nazi ideology. In a bid to achieve this ethnic homogeneity the Nazis decided which citizens should belong to the “people’s community” and which should be excluded, persecuted, and murdered. This ideology of inequality influenced every area of life.

The Nazi ideal of a so-called “people’s community” was based on notions of biological race. Nazi propaganda promised those who were accepted as members of the German “Volk” a social community, solidarity, comradeship, and equality. But anyone who did not conform to Nazi ideology was ostracized, persecuted, and murdered. 

Political opponents were branded “enemies of the people”. The Jewish population and Sinti and Roma were excluded as “members of foreign races,” while other people were stigmatized and persecuted as “foreign to the community” on account of their origins, their failure to conform to social norms, or their sexual identity. The idea of a “people’s community” hence played a central role in the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship. In the seminar we will use selected biographies and information provided at the media tables in our Learning Center to investigate what effect these social divisions had on Munich’s population.

Workshop in the Learning Center at the Munich Documentation Center, 2017 | © NS-Dokumentationszentrum München, photo: Connolly Weber Photography

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Munich Documentation Center

180 to 240 min

Suitable for
School classes of all types

Number of participants
Max. 15 people (larger groups will be divided)

Free of charge

German, English, French, Italian (other languages on request)